Biblia Sacra

Biblia Sacra

Biblia Sacra 1750

By Sebastian Castellio

Printed In Leipzig For Bernhard Christoph. Breitkope

The Volume is in Very Good Condition bound in half calf over marbled boards, with the pine divided into five compartments by four raised bands, and red stained leaf edges: Externally the boards and spine are generally scuffed, with splits to the hinges, chipping to the head and tail of the spine, with the board corners bumped a bit. Internally the leaves are generally clean and amply margined, with some mild toning throughout and occasional fox marks, along with a later pair of leaves unopened, and with some corner creasing otherwise.
The Volume is Complete in All Respects See below for pagination & dimensions.


Frontispiece and Title - Biblia Sacra

Of Sebastian Castellio

Sebastian Castellio was a French preacher and theologian, and one of the first Reformed Christian proponents of religious toleration, freedom of conscience and thought. His education, zeal and theological knowledge were so outstanding that he was considered to be one of the most learned men of his time, equal, if not superior, to John Calvin. Regarding Castellio, Voltaire wrote:

“We can measure the virulence of this tyranny by the persecution to which Castellio was exposed at Calvin’s instance—although Castellio was a far greater scholar than Calvin, whose jealousy drove him out of Geneva.”

Castellio later wrote that he was deeply affected and moved when he saw the burning of heretics in Lyon by the French Inquisition, and at the age of twenty-four he decided to subscribe to the teachings of the Reformation. In the spring of 1540, after witnessing the killings of the early Protestant martyrs, he left Lyon and became a missionary for Protestantism.

In October 1553, the physician and theologian Michael Servetus was executed in Geneva for blasphemy and heresy – in particular his repudiation of the doctrine of the trinity. Many prominent Protestant leaders of the day approved of the execution, and Melanchthon wrote to Calvin: “To you also the Church owes gratitude at the present moment, and will owe it to the latest posterity….I affirm also that your magistrates did right in punishing, after a regular trial, this blasphemous man.” However, many other contemporary scholars, such as David Joris and Bernardino Ochino also known as the remonstrators were outraged both publicly and privately over the execution of Servetus. The synods of Zurich and Schaffhausen were far from enthusiastic, and Castellio took an especially hard line regarding the whole affair. He became enraged over what he saw as a blatant murder committed by Calvin, and spoke of his “hands dripping with the blood of Servetus.”

Pagination & Dimensions

The volume is paginated as follows: [xiv], [1]-720, [1]-320, [1]-272, [3]-351, [1]. The volume collates as follows: *7, A-2Y, (A)-(V), a-r, A-Y8. The volume measures about 20 cm. By 14 cm. By 8 cm. Each leaf measures about 195 mm. By 120 mm.

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