Histoire de Guillaume III
Author: Nicolas ChevalierPeter Jones
Histoire de Guillaume III
By Nicolas Chevalier
With Plates By Romeyn de Hooghe
Printed In Amsterdam
The Volume is in Very Good Condition Bound in contemporary vellum, with a red morocco letter-piece and black morocco date label on the spine. Externally the boards and spine are lightly scuffed and stained in general, with light wear at the tops of the boards, with some wear to the fore edge of the rear boar and with the board corners bumped a bit. Internally the leaves are generally clean and amply margined with a small tear at the gutter of the frontispiece, with frequent mild foxing and moderate toning, with deep, clear impressions of the plates.
The Volume is Complete in All Respects, with numerous engravings of coins, no doubt provided by the author, an avid coin collector, as well as a full page dedicatory plate by Schoonebeck, and frontispiece & 12 full page plates by Romeyn de Hooghe. See below for pagination & dimensions.
Of Histoire de Guillaume
William of Orange, who became William III of England after the Glorious Revolution, had already attained a cult of personality in the Netherlands for his grandfather’s victories against Catholic Spanish rulership in the 80 years war and his own actions in the anglo-dutch and third franco-dutch wars. Initially, the republican government of the Dutch Netherlands sought to exclude William from the Stadtholdership, and indeed eliminate the position entirely. In 1672, perhaps the worst single year in Dutch history, both the English and French attacked, and soon French troops were found in the Dutch heartland. The Orangist party and panicking population appointed William Stadtholder, and he pressed his campaign against the invaders. Allying with Brandenburg (a natural Protestant ally) and Spain (who sought to counter French and English influence), William attacked French supply lines, while the Dutch fleet scored successive victories against the English and French Navies. The English, also having internal political disputes over the war, signed the Treaty of Westminster, ending their involvement, while France was slowly pushed back. The primary opponent to William in the Netherlands was Johan de Witt, who had led the push to keep the Stadholderate vacant. After de Witt’s injury in an assassination William published a letter from Charles, in which the English king stated that he had made war because of the aggression of the De Witt faction. The people thus incited, De Witt and his brother, Cornelis, were brutally murdered by an Orangist civil militia in The Hague on 20 August.
By the late seventeenth century, William had been invited to invade England, and acted as co-regent with Mary II, and a generation in the Netherlands had seen him as a rescuer from the incompetent republican administration and the agressions of the French kingdom and Stuart Monarchy in England. For Nicholas Chevalier, William III was a hero, whom the amatur numismatist here documents faithfully and triumphantly with the various coins minted in England and the Netherlands dedicated to the monarch, and supplemented with engravings by the magnificent Romeyn de Hooghe an important and prolific late Dutch Baroque, painter, sculptor, engraver and caricaturist. De Hooghe supplies the dynamic frontispiece, as well as 12 full page plates, with text on the verso and included in the pagination & register. Two of these portrait William’s ceremonial procession through a triumphal arch into The Hague; the majority of the others depict various arches and monuments.
Pagination & Dimensions
The volume is paginated as follows: [iv], -232. The volume collates as follows: [*]2 A-2F4. The volume measures about 32 cm. By 21 cm. By 3 cm. Each leaf measures about 310 mm. By 200 mm.
there are two bookplates on the front paste-down, first a small 20th century bookplate from Peter Seaby, the prominent Numismatic historian, and a bookplate for Alexander Meyrick Broadley, dated 1895. Also known as Broadley Pasha, he was a British barrister, author, company promoter and social figure. He is best known for being the defence lawyer for Ahmed ‘Urabi after the failure of the Urabi Revolt, a Egyptian uprising against British Imperial rule during the 1880’s.