Pacata Hibernia

Pacata Hibernia

Author:

Pacata Hibernia 1633, First Edition, Second Issue.

By Thomas Stafford

London Printed by Augustine Mathewes And part of the impression made over, to be vented for the benefit of the children of John Mynshew, deceased

Per ESTC: “A reissue, with cancel title page, of the edition with imprint: London, printed by Aug: Mathevves for Robert Milbourne ..”

The Volume is in Very Good Condition rebound in half calf over marbled boards, with the spine divided into six gilt-stamped compartments by five raised bands, with red morocco letter-piece in the second compartment from the top, and leaf edge red speckled: externally the binding is new, with surface scuffing to the boards. Internally the leaves are generally clean and amply margined, ruled throughout, with the initial portrait plates mounted to new leaves, and several fold out plates re-attached via backstrips, and with some light toning throughout and with scattered stains and foxing otherwise.
The Volume is Predominantly Complete with frontispiece, engraved title, featuring Queen Elizabeth, and sixteen other fold out maps, lacking John Speed’s map of Munster, as is often the case. See below for pagination & dimensions.


Frontispiece and Engraved Title - Pacata Hibernia

of George Carew in Ireland

George Carew was appointed President of Munster on 27 January 1600, at the height of the Nine Years War and landed with Lord Mountjoy at Howth Head a month later. He enjoyed wide powers, including imposition of martial law, and excelled in the politics of divide and rule. He interviewed the successor to the Earl of Clancarty, Florence MacCarthy, in the spring of that year, after an unjust attack by presidency forces on the MacCarthy territories prior to his arrival. He was present as a guest when the Earl of Ormond was seized by the O’Mores at a parley in the same year, and managed to escape with the Earl of Thomond through a hail of daggers. At about this time he put down the supporters of the Súgán Earl of Desmond, and in October the lawful Desmond heir, James FitzGerald, was restored to the title in a limited degree. In August, Carew had accepted a reinforcement of 3,000 troops from England, but in the following May was dismayed when Mountjoy took 1,000 from him to supplement the crown army in its northern campaign, at a time when the threat of a Spanish landing in the south was at its highest.

Although he had been distrusted by Essex, owing to his sympathy with the Cecils—in 1598 Essex had encouraged his despatch to Ireland, in order to remove his influence from court—Carew’s support was welcomed by Mountjoy (who had overtaken his own master, Essex). Cecil did seek his recall from the Irish service, as much for his own political ends, as out of friendship, and tried to manipulate Mountjoy into recommending this. But Carew remained on and, although he failed to intercept Hugh Roe O’Donnell on the rebel’s remarkable march southward to relieve the Spanish forces at Kinsale in the winter of 1601, he did great service before and after the Battle of Kinsale, as he raided castles in the surrounding region in order to remove the advantage the Spanish had expected upon their landing. In the course of this campaign, his violence devastated the rebels and the peasantry, and his conduct of the siege of Dunboy castle, the last major engagement in Munster during the war, was ruthless.

Carew proved unpopular with elements of the Old English élite in Ireland, particularly over his strong opposition to the privileges enjoyed by the municipal corporations under royal charter. On the death of Elizabeth I, he was confronted unexpectedly with serious civil disorder, when several towns under his jurisdiction refused to proclaim the new King James I. The motives for these disturbances are obscure, but probably combined a desire for greater religious toleration with a demand for greater recognition of their civic independence. The trouble was especially severe in Cork, where serious rioting broke out. Carew was forced to send troops to restore order, and later tried, without success, to have the Cork city fathers tried for treason. His severe attitude is explained by his personal interest in the matter since Lady Carew’s life was said to have been threatened during the riots, and she had been forced to take refuge in Shandon Castle.

Pagination & Dimensions

The volume is paginated as follows: [xiv], 391, [1]. The volume collates as follows: A6, A-3C4. The volume measures about 32.5 cm. By 21.5 cm. By 4 cm. Each leaf measures about 320 mm. By 205 mm.

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